No. 13099. Arpin A-1 (G-AFGB c/n 1)
Photograph from The Aeroplane, taken at Hanworth Air Park, Middlesex, UK, May 1938

Arpin A-1

03/15/2017. Remarks by Johan Visschedijk: "This twin-boom pusher aircraft, designed by Morris Arpin of the M.B. Arpin & Co. Ltd of Longford, West Drayton, was the first British aircraft to be designed with a tricycle undercarriage. Registered G-AFGB on March 14, 1938, the aircraft was first flown by Wynne Eyton at Hanworth on May 7, 1938. Subsequently it was fitted with the experimental Maclaren "crabbing" undercarriage. In this all three wheels could be turned together so that their axes were at an angle to that of the aircraft itself. The aircraft could thus be landed with drift across wind with the wheels running into the actual direction of travel.

After preliminary flight testing was completed the 68 hp radial engine was replace by a much stronger 90 hp in-line engine with a newly designed nacelle in late 1938, whereafter the type was referred to as the Arpin A-1 Mk.II. In expectation of series production the company was renamed Arpin Aircraft Manufacturing Co. Ltd. on May 26, 1939, however, with the start of WW II only three months later, series production never materialized. The sole Arpin was scrapped in 1941.

The following data is referring to the A-1, data in square brackets referring to the A-1 Mk.II.

TYPE. Two-seat light cabin monoplane.
WINGS. Low-wing cantilever monoplane. Clark "YH" wing section. Wing in three sections, a center-section built integral with the nacelle and two tapering outer sections. Single "I"-spar with spruce flanges and plywood web, false spars fore and aft, spruce and plywood former ribs and plywood covering. Ailerons on outer sections, with split trailing-edge flaps between ailerons.
NACELLE. Spruce and plywood-covered structure, built integral with the wing center-section.
TAIL UNIT. Monoplane type, with twin fins and rudders carried on two diamond-section booms springing from the extremities of the center-section. Tail-booms bolted directly to the center-section spar. Booms have spruce longitudinals and spruce walls and diaphragms. Tail structure of wood with plywood covering.
UNDERCARRIAGE. Three-wheeled Maclaren type. Consists of two cantilever Dowty oleo legs mounted at the extremities of the center-section and aft of the center of gravity, and one similar unit below the nose of the nacelle. The back wheels are coupled together and can be turned in unison by the pilot. The front wheel castors but has an overriding steering control.
POWERPLANT. A 68 hp British Salmson AD.9R nine-cylinder radial air-cooled geared engine [90 hp four-cylinder air-cooled inverted in-line engine] on a welded steel-tube mounting and driving a four-blade pusher airscrew. Two cylindrical fuel tanks in the center-section aft of the main spar, one on each side of the fuselage.
ACCOMMODATION. Enclosed cabin, seating two side-by-side. Baggage compartment in nose.

Created March 15, 2017